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The Israel-Hamas Conflict: A Timeline and Its Global Impact

The ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas, a Palestinian militant group, has had far-reaching consequences both regionally and internationally. This article provides a detailed timeline of the events, explores the humanitarian impact, and examines how it has affected international trade and relations with Muslim countries. The conflict has disrupted trade routes and economic activities in the region.
Critical infrastructure in Gaza has suffered $18.5 billion in damage, affecting trade and development.
Muslim countries have expressed solidarity with Palestinians, leading to strained relations with Israel. The war has implications for energy markets, regional stability, and diplomatic efforts.
Here is a detailed overview of the conflicts involving Hamas, Gaza, Israel, and how they impact international trade and relations with Muslim countries, along with a timeline of key events:
Timeline of Hamas, Gaza, and Israel Conflicts:
  • Formation of Hamas (1987)
    • Hamas, an Islamist militant group, was formed during the First Intifada, primarily to resist Israeli occupation and establish an Islamic state in historic Palestine.
  • Gaza Under Hamas (2007)
    • In 2007, Hamas took control of Gaza after a conflict with Fatah, leading to a split in Palestinian governance, with Fatah controlling the West Bank and Hamas governing Gaza.
  • Israeli Blockade and Military Operations
    • Israel imposed a blockade on Gaza in 2007, restricting the movement of goods and people in and out of the territory.
    • Military conflicts between Hamas and Israel have erupted periodically, such as Operation Cast Lead (2008-2009), Operation Pillar of Defense (2012), and Operation Protective Edge (2014).
  • Great March of Return (2018)
    • Palestinians in Gaza launched mass protests known as the Great March of Return in 2018, demanding the right of return for Palestinian refugees and an end to the blockade.
  • Recent Escalations (2021)
    • Tensions escalated in May 2021 with clashes in Jerusalem, followed by Hamas launching rockets into Israel and Israeli airstrikes on Gaza. This conflict lasted for 11 days and resulted in significant casualties and damage.
Impact on International Trade and Muslim Countries:
  • Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza: The ongoing conflicts have exacerbated the humanitarian crisis in Gaza, leading to shortages of essential goods, high unemployment, and poor living conditions.
  • Regional Instability: The conflicts contribute to regional instability, affecting trade routes, investments, and economic development in the Middle East.
  • Diplomatic Relations: The Israeli-Palestinian conflict influences diplomatic relations between Muslim-majority countries and Israel. Some countries have normalized relations with Israel in recent years, while others maintain a stance supportive of Palestinian rights.
  • Global Perception: The conflict shapes global perceptions of Israel, Hamas, and the Palestinian cause, impacting trade partnerships and international cooperation efforts.
  • International Aid and Assistance: Various countries and organizations provide aid and assistance to Palestinians in Gaza, contributing to humanitarian relief efforts and reconstruction projects.

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