Version checking used in hibernate when more then one thread trying to access same data. For example : User A edit the row of the TABLE for update ( In the User Interface changing data This is user thinking time) and in the same time User B edit the same record for update and click the update. Then User A click the Update and update done. Change made by user B is gone. In hibernate you can prevent slate object updation using version checking. Check the version of the row when you are updating the row. Get the version of the row when you are fetching the row of the TABLE for update. On the time of updation just fetch the version number and match with your version number (on the time of fetching).